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Stakeholders were asked to suggest water management options to address the challenges specified by stakeholders in the Pedieos, Rmel, Tordera and Vipava river basins.

The BeWater project team refined the formulation, evaluated the impacts and identified co-benefits for no fewer than 102 water management options in total for the four river basins.

 

Pedieos, Cyprus

Management options in Pedieos

To address the challenges in the Pedieos river basin, the Bewater project identified and evaluated 30 water management options in total. Each challenge is addressed by at least 10 options. Some of the options address more than one challenge.

Click on the image to enlarge or download the PDF

View the embedded image gallery online at:
http://bewaterproject.eu/final-results/options#sigFreeIdd30fca99c0

Overview of the challenges and their potential solutions

 

The 30 water management options are briefly described below. More details on these options for the Pedieos river basin can be found in its River Basin Adaptation Plan.

 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 1 100 Improved irrigation technologies
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 2 100 Borehole licences and water meters
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 3 100 Water pricing enforcement
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 4 100 Use of treated sewage water for irrigation and green infrastructure
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 5 100 Water desalination
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 6 100 Farm education
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 7 100 Improve plant genetic resources bank and use of drought resistant agricultural crops
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 8 100 Dynamic dam water management
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 9 100 Awareness campaign for local society
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 10 100 Agrotourism development
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 11 100 Domestic water saving equipment
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 12 100 Maintenance and repair of water distribution networks
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 13 100 Code of Good Agricultural Practices enforcement
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 14 100 Grazing control
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 15 100 Improve plant genetic resources bank and use of drought resistant forest species
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 16 100 Hydrological studies
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 17 100 Dam demolition
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 18 100 Integrated waste management
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 19 100 Construction of multi-purpose cycling/walking paths across the river
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 20 100 Volunteerism
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 21 100 Rainwater harvesting systems
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 22 100 Improve plant genetic resources bank and use of drought resistant plants in green infrastructures
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 23 100 Fire safety measures
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 24 100 Improving land zonation
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 25 100 Improve stakeholders' cooperation
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 26 100 Restoration and maintenance of riverbed
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 27 100 River runoff retention and groundwater recharge systems
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 28 100 Sustainable urban drainage systems
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 29 100 Construction of flood protection works
 1.2 Options Pedieos-Icon 30 100 Cooperation for storm water drainage system

 

Rmel, Tunisia

Management options in Rmel

To address the challenges in the Rmel river basin, the Bewater project identified and evaluated 19 water management options in total.

Click on the image to enlarge or download the PDF
View the embedded image gallery online at:
http://bewaterproject.eu/final-results/options#sigFreeIda0e7b07473

Overview of the challenges and their potential solutions

 

The 19 water management options are linked to the six challenges for Rmel river basin and are briefly described below. More details on these options for the Rmel river basin can be found in its River Basin Adaptation Plan.

 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 1 100 Promote new water and soil conservation techniques.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 2 100 Consolidation of existing water and soil conservation techniques.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 3 100 Creation and rehabilitation of hydraulic infrastructure
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 4 100 Application of taxes.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 5 100 Improvement of the treatment of waste water.
1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 6 100 Water discharge control.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 7 100 Developing agricultural cooperatives.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 8 100 Good use of agriculture land.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 9 100 Developing financial awareness tools.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 10 100 Use of water irrigation technologies
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 11 100 Reduction of society pressure on forests
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 12 100 Protection against forest fire
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 13 100 Introduction of new agro forestry species and enrichment of existing forest.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 14 100 Better governance of forest resources
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 15 100 Awareness campaign and learning
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 16 100 Improved decision making
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 17 100 Promote projects that generate more income.
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 18 100 Encourage investments
 1.2 Options Rmel-Icon 19 100 Developing skills for young people

 

Tordera, Spain

Management options in Tordera

To address the challenges in the Tordera river basin, the Bewater project identified and evaluated 33 water management options in total. There are 7 options addressing the challenge Water quantity, 10 options addressing Health of Water and forest ecosystems, 4 options addressing Water quality and 9 options addressing Integrated Water Management. Several options address more than one challenge.

Click on the image to enlarge or download the PDF
View the embedded image gallery online at:
http://bewaterproject.eu/final-results/options#sigFreeIda867ae2d62

Overview of the challenges and their potential solutions

 

The 33 water management options are briefly described below. More details on these options for the Tordera river basin can be found in its River Basin Adaptation Plans.

 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 1 100 Develop and refurbish facilities to consolidate and extend livestock grazing in the forest.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 2 100 Create specific branding for the commercialisation of extensive livestock products.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 3 100 Expand the Catalan School for Shepherds in the Tordera basin area.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 4 100 Promote rainfed crop production.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 5 100 Revise the Extractions Master Plan.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 6 100 Establish water use entitlement conditions.
 1.2 -Options Tordera-Icon 7 100 Promote knowledge transfer on irrigation with reclaimed water.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 8 100 Integrate water saving solutions in construction protocols.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 9 100 Promote the use of renewable energy to power water management infrastructures in small towns and scattered houses.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 10 100 Promote water recycling in production processes.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 11 100 Create "Water User Associations" (WUA).
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 12 100 Create a “Permanent Participation Centre” (PPC).
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 13 100 Develop a water traceability label for agricultural products.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 14 100 Create a Municipal Adaptation Coordination Board (MACB).
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 15 100 Enhance phytotreatment plants in small municipalities and scattered houses.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 16 100 Create an “Integrated Plan for the Protection of the Tordera Delta” (IPPTD).
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 17 100 Foster selective fishing.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 18 100 Foster local use of adaptation-to-global-change indicators.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 19 100 Raise awareness.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 20 100 Modernise irrigation techniques.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 21 100 Integrate adaptation principles into water service provider contracts.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 22 100 Enhance environmental protected areas.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 23 100 Water provision guarantee as a precondition for urban expansion.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 24 100 Recover wetlands and their connectivity.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 25 100 Eliminate toxic substances used in municipal parks and gardening practices.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 26 100 Create a catchment agreement to reduce diffuse pollution.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 27 100 Centralise and facilitate access to relevant data on the basin water bodies’ status and uses.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 28 100 Protect groundwater recharge areas.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 29 100 Implement an environmental flow regime.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 30 100 Recover and protect river space.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 31 100 Revise and udpate water entitlements.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 32 100 Develop River custody agreements.
 1.2 Options Tordera-Icon 33 100 Conclude adaptive forest management agreements.

 

 

 

Vipava, Slovenia

Management options in Vipava

To address the challenges in the Vipava river basin, the Bewater project identified and evaluated 20 water management options. Most options address more than one challenge. There are 16 options addressing Water availability during droughts in growing season, 10 options addressing Flood risk reduction and 13 options addressing Appropriate water quality.

Click on the image to enlarge or download the PDF
View the embedded image gallery online at:
http://bewaterproject.eu/final-results/options#sigFreeIdae668cfd15

Overview of the challenges and their potential solutions

 

The 20 water management options are briefly described below. More details on these options for the Vipava river basin can be found in its River Basin Adaptation Plans.

 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 1 100 Establish an inter-municipal expert working group for the Vipava RB
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 2 100 Awareness campaign focused on educating experts involved in surface water management for sustainable water management
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 3 100 Awareness campaign focused on optimizing water use for farmers, for proper irrigation and minimize impacts on water quality through proper agricultural practices
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 4 100 Awareness campaign for local public on impact of their activities on the river
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 5 100 Improve the financing system for water infrastructure
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 6 100 Upgrade and update the existing network for monitoring the status of water environment
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 7 100 Setting up monitoring to reduce pressures on aquatic ecosystems resulting from water abstraction and water storage
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 8 100 Construction of water reservoirs on the watercourses in the upper part of the RB
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 9 100 Construction of dry reservoirs
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 10 100 Reconstruction of existing water reservoir Vogršček
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 11 100 Development of new irrigation systems
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 12 100 Reconstruction of existing irrigation system
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 13 100 Restoration of Vipava river and its tributaries
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 14 100 Restoration of old meanders and oxbows of Vipava river and its tributaries
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 15 100 Reconstruction of stabilising and transverse constructions from natural stone in the smaller tributaries of Vipava river
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 16 100 Improving the system of payment for water used for irrigation
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 17 100 Preservation of existing and introduction of new shelterbelts
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 18 100 Removal of invasive non-native species
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 19 100 Construction of municipal wastewater treatment plants and sewage systems
 1.2 Options Vipava-Icon 20 100 The cultivation of crops that are resistant to climate changes (drought, pests and diseases)